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An Overview of Advanced Ceramics

Advanced ceramics can be divided into structural ceramics, tool ceramics, and functional ceramics according to their different uses. Structural Ceramics The main materials of structural ceramics are alumina (Al2O3), silicon nitride (Si3N4), silicon carbide (SiC), and hexagon boron nitride ceramics (BN). Alumina (Al2O3) The main composition is Al2O3, and the general content is more than […]

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Element Properties: 16-22 atomic number

SULFUR Atomic symbol: S Atomic weight: 32.066 Atomic number: 16 Electron configuration: 2-8-6 Oxidation states: +4, +6, -2 State of matter: solid Non-metal Discovered in ancient times Boils at 444.7°C, melts at 112.8°C Notes: Because sulfur is the least reactive non-metal at room temperature, much occurs free in nature. Chemically combined, sulfur is found as […]

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Element Properties: 9-15 atomic number

FLUORINE Atomic symbol: F Atomic weight: 18.9984032 Atomic number: 9 Electron configuration: 2-7 Oxidation states: -1 State of matter: gas Non-metal Discovered in 1886 by Henri Moissan Boils at -188°C, freezes at -220°C Notes: Fluorine is the most active member of the halogen family, and produces the most stable compounds. It is very poisonous because […]

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Element Properties: 1-7 atomic number

HYDROGEN Atomic symbol: H Atomic weight: 1.00794 Atomic number: 1 Electron configuration: 1 Oxidation states: ±1 State of matter: gas Alkali metal Discovered in 1790 by Henry Cavendish Boils at-252.8°C, melts at-259.14°C Notes: Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that can be flammable or explosive when mixed with air, oxygen, and chlorine. Hydrogen is not very […]

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Selection of reducing crucible material for Rare earth

Rare earth fluorides, metals and slag have strong chemical activity, so the crucible material used must be resistant to corrosion by halogens and their compounds at high temperatures and does not interact with rare earth metals. It can be used for a long time in inert atmosphere. Below we list the chemical stability of different crucible materials […]

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Interaction between rare earth metals and other elements

Rare earth metals have typical metal properties. They have strong chemical activity and can form a variety of compounds, including hydrides, chlorides, silicides, carbides, organic / inorganic salts and complexes. This is the basis for the rare earth metal in the metallurgical industry as a purification, impurity removal and refinement modifier. Rare earth metals are unstable […]

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